What is

Occupational Therapy

?
Occupational Therapy is a service that helps people achieve independence in their daily life activities or “Occupations”. These activities are the basic tasks of everyday life, and they include tasks such as eating, bathing, clothing, and toileting. For most children, these tasks are learned relatively easily and become a part of a daily routine. For children with special needs, these tasks might be more difficult and might require constant reminding or rewards for completing the activities of daily living.

Occupational Therapists work extensively for special needs children to improve their ADL(Activities of Daily Living). 
Occupational Therapists help children with special needs to become physically, psychologically, and socially independent by working towards specific goals.  For special needs children who have difficulty brushing their teeth, an occupational therapist might teach steps towards achieving this goal.  These steps might be broken down into very small pieces, such as reaching out their hands, touching the toothbrush, grasping the toothbrush, picking up the brush, and so forth.
 
Who can benefit from Occupational Therapy?
Child having
Autism, ADHD, Hyperactivity, Dyslexia, Slow Learner
Difficulty in Reading Writing and Doing Calculations
Compromised Attention and Concentration
Specific learning Difficulties
Problem in holding pen / pencil with poor handwriting
Poor Academic records
Poor Memory
Any form of behaviour problems
Any difficulties in day to day activities
School refusal, Exam fear, anxiety
Any form of sensory problems
 
When should I seek an OT Evaluation?
You should seek an evaluation by an Occupational Therapist if your child:
Experiences delays in self-care independence
Has difficulties with fine motor coordination
Is easily distracted
Seems impulsive or lacking self-control
Has an unusually high or low level of activity
Seems physically clumsy or careless
Has difficulty making transitions from one situation to another
Has a poor self concept
Has delays in speech, language, or motor skills
Has delays in academic achievement
Is hypersensitive or under-reactive to touch, movement, sights, or sounds
Has difficulties with social skills
Can’t “unwind,” or calm down
 
What happens in a Pediatric Occupational Therapy?
The comprehensive assessment is recommended for children. The assessment utilizes various standardized tests, clinical observations, and a detailed parent interview and questionnaire.
 
A child's Occupational performance is play, therefore OT treatment is play-based.
 
Treatment involves but is not limited to:
1. Sensory Integration Therapy
2. Feeding challenges based on the SOS approach
3. Gross motor skills
4. Fine motor skills
5. Anxiety and emotion regulation
6. Printing, handwriting, and keyboard skills
7. Visual perceptual skills
8. Treatment of oral motor skills
9. Poor behaviour and social challenges
10. Self esteem building